Born on Tuesday, January 15, 1929, at the family home in Atlanta, Martin Luther King, Jr. was the first son and second child born to the Reverend Martin Luther King, Sr. and Alberta Williams King. He grew up to follow in his father’s footsteps; studying at Morehouse College, Crozer Theological Seminary, and earning a doctorate at Boston University’s School of Theology.

Inspired by advocates of nonviolence such as Mahatma Gandhi, he sought equality for African Americans, the economically disadvantaged and victims of injustice through peaceful protest. He was the driving force behind the American civil rights movement. At the age of thirty-five, Martin Luther King, Jr., was the youngest man to have received the Nobel Peace Prize. He was assassinated in 1968.

Since 1986 we remember and celebrate Martin Luther King Jr. Day, always on the third Monday of January. But this holiday wasn’t official in all 50 states since 2000.

“Life’s most persistent and urgent question is, ‘What are you doing for others?”

Martin Luther King Jr.