The Difference Between Secured & Unsecured Debt

Legal Advice |November 23rd, 2018

Consumers wishing to lend through financial institutions are evaluated on creditworthiness, regardless of a loan amount. History with creditors, ability to pay back within set time limits and amount of debt owed are not the only things a lender may be interested in. Assets as collateral and high-interest rates are what’s on the line when dealing with a crediting agency.

Secured Debt

Secured debt is the most common type of financing a consumer can obtain. Typically, banks assume less risk as terms and conditions require an asset held as collateral. The purchase of a vehicle through a loan is an example of Secured Debt. The bank will require proof of insurance coverage, so that they may recoup what’s owed on the car, or pay off the loan, in any case, it’s involved in an accident. Interest rates on secured loans are often lower, as a result. The lender will obtain property if the promise to pay the loan in full is not met.

Unsecured Debt

Unsecured Debt is no promise-to-pay with a car or house in the hands of a bank if repayment is not fulfilled. For this reason, creditors take a closer look at creditworthiness and charge higher interest rates. The risk of lending a consumer money with no lien or asset is greater and may incur legal action, money, and more time for the creditor to obtain money owed. Requesting a personal loan, with no asset attached is an example of unsecured debt.